1. What is a Social and Solidarity Economy?

It is a set of economic activities based on an alternative form of organization of production, distribution, consumption and reinvestment, based on the principles of democracy, equality, solidarity, cooperation, and respect for human beings and the environment.

2. When was the Social Economy instituted in our country and what have been the results so far?

In our country, the Social Economy was regulated by Law 4019/2011 (Government Gazette 251 / A). By August 2018, 580 new CA. (of a total of 820 applications) and 541 Bodies (of a total of 586 applications) re-registered[1].Many of them have done significant work and have generated multiplier benefits in the local community through product production, service provision and job creation.

3. What is the current institutional framework for the Social Economy?

The institutional framework for the Social and Solidarity Economy. (Law 4430/2016, Government Gazette 205 / A / 31-10-2016) and Implementing Ministerial Decision 61621 / Δ5.2643 / 30-12-2016 (Government Gazette), regulate the field of social economy and its intervention-supervision State in it.The purpose of this institutional framework is to develop the sector of Social and Solidarity Economics, by creating a favorable environment that will facilitate the participation of all citizens in all possible productive activities, by disseminating practices of democracy, equality, solidarity, cooperation. , as well as respect for man and the environment.

4. What are the main objectives of the institutional framework?

1. Disseminate the example of the social economy in all possible areas of economic activity.

2. Creating a favorable environment that supports and enhances productive self-management ventures, so that by meeting social needs they can contribute to social progress and equitable economic development.

3. Defining and highlighting collective and social benefits as constituents of the Social and Solidarity Economy.

4. Develop meaningful consultation, participation and co-decision with the social partners and the Social and Solidarity Entities themselves on issues that regulate the field politically, legally and administratively.

5. What are the key features of Law 4430/2016?

- The scope of the Social Economy Entities is broadened, with the possibility of providing bodies other than Social Cooperative Enterprises to integrate into the arrangements of the institutional framework of the Social Economy

-The criteria and conditions for inclusion in the individual categories of Social Economy Entities are clarified.

- The process of registering and amending the Articles of Association is facilitated and simplified.

- Provide a sufficient legal basis for institutionalizing financial and other incentives. The Social Economy Fund is established as a public law firm, with the aim of financing programs and actions to support Social and Solidarity Entities.

-The terms of participation, voluntary work and, more generally, the relationships between members and employees with the Social Entities are clearly defined.

- Employment clauses are foreseen by the Social and Solidarity Entities, which have significant economic activity.

- The Workers' Association is established. This legal form seeks to exploit, among other things, workers abandoned / bankrupt companies. -It is envisaged to create and activate a social impact measurement tool of the Bodies, in order to evaluate their effectiveness, to monitor, control and utilize the good practices -The possibility of creating associations of Social and Solidarity Entities is given.

- A National Committee on Social and Solidarity Economics and a Steering Committee on Social and Solidarity Economics are hereby established. In this way, strategic planning and social dialogue on Social and Solidarity issues are strengthened.

- Ensures continuity and smooth transition of existing social enterprises to the new context.

-Secretary Secretariat for Social and Solidarity Economy is set up at the Ministry of Labor, Social Security and Social Solidarity with the main task of drafting, implementing and implementing government policy on Social and Solidarity Economy

6. What is the Social and Solidarity Economy Body?

It is a business based on the cooperative model, but with distinctive features. For example, all business decisions are made democratically and each member-associate has only one vote, no matter how many cooperative shares it holds. In addition, unlike classical businesses, the GOOD goal is not to maximize profits but, by meeting social needs and generating social and collective benefits, creating stable and decent jobs.Also, the remuneration and profits of the company are received only by its employees, whether or not they are members (co-operatives), and part of the profits is intended to reinvest in the business.

The bodies of Social and Solidarity Economy are:

a. Social Cooperative Enterprises

b. The Limited Liability Social Partnerships (COOP),

c. Workers' Cooperatives

d. Any other non-sole legal entity

7. How many and what categories of Social Cooperative Enterprises are there?

  • CSE Integration, which falls into two subcategories:
    1. -Coins.Sec. Inclusion of Vulnerable Groups, which seek to integrate people from vulnerable social groups into economic and social life. A minimum of 30% of the members and employees of these undertakings are compulsory in these categories.
    2. -Coins.Sec. Integration of Special Groups, which seek to integrate individuals from specific groups into economic and social life. A minimum of 50% of the members and employees of these businesses are compulsory in these categories
  • Article 12 of Law 2716/1999, Social Cooperatives Limited Liability (COOP), (are automatically considered Social Cooperative Integration Enterprises.).
  • CSE Collective and Social Benefits, which carry out 'sustainable development' activities and / or provide 'social services of general interest'.

8. What are the general characteristics of Social Cooperative Enterprises?

  • A Commonwealth Office must have at least five members or seven members for the CCS.
  • Integration Members of the Commonwealth can be either natural persons or natural and legal persons. Participation of legal entities in the CC may not exceed one third of its members
  • Local Authorities may not participate as members
  • They may not participate as members of the LCGs belonging to Local Government Units with the exception of the Commonwealth Games. Inclusion and subject to prior approval by the body overseeing the law
  • Each member must have at least one mandatory cooperative share and up to five optional cooperative shares,
  • All members are entitled to one vote regardless of the number of co-operative units they have
  • Each member of the Board of Directors is also a member of the business
  • The mere participation of a natural person as a member in a CCP does not confer on him a commercial status and does not give rise to insurance or tax liabilities.
  • Member of a Commonwealth Office cannot participate in any other CCP. with the same activity
  • The percentage of gross income from the activities of the Joint Stock Company that comes from the law and OTA. may not exceed 65% of the company's total revenue calculated on a three-year basis. The provisions of the preceding paragraph exclude the Commonwealth of Independent States. Including indent a) of article 14, paragraph 14 of Law 4430/2016.
  • The profits of CSE Ltd. shall not be distributed to its members unless such members are also employees of it.
  • The distribution of profits is available as a percentage, annually, as follows:
    • -5% for the formation of a regular reserve,
    • -35% are distributed to the employees of the company (with the exception of 2/3 of the members of the General Assembly of the Agency)
    • -the rest is spent on creating new jobs and broadening its productive activity in general.

9.What is the Special Secretariat for KALO?

The KALO Special Secretariat, which is under the Ministry of Labor, Social Security and Social Solidarity, has as its main task the formulation, implementation and monitoring of the GOOD Government Policy. In more detail, it develops the National Strategy for Social and Solidarity Economics, monitors and coordinates the relevant actions to implement and ensure the consistency of the National Strategy. It studies and produces policies and oversees their implementation for the benefit of the citizen.Develops cooperation in the subject areas with relevant Ministries. It specifies the National Strategy by sector, in cooperation with the relevant Ministries and agencies, monitors international developments.

10. What is the Registry Department for KALO?

The General Register of Social and Solidarity Entities is the database maintained in electronic form by the Department of Social Good Solidarity of the Directorate of Social and Solidarity Economics, in which the Social and Solidarity Entities are registered. The KALO Register of Entities is responsible for maintaining and operating the General Register of Social and Solidarity Entities.It is the competent Administrative Authority, the service of the Ministry of Public Works, for the control of the establishment of Social Cooperative Enterprises and Workers' Associations, the legality of their transactions registered in the General Register and their supervision. In addition, it is responsible for granting the status of Good Agency to legal entities that are eligible to register in the Special Good Agency Registry.


                  [1] Updated with new data published in the 2018 Annual Report of the Special Secretariat for Social and Solidarity Economics.

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